CI/CD in Node.js with Google Cloud Build

Run Node.js CI/CD in Google Cloud Build with an encrypted .env.vault file

Initial setup

Install the gcloud cli.

brew install --cask google-cloud-sdk

Log in to gcloud.

gcloud auth login

Set your project. You can look this up on the Google Cloud Dashboard.

gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID

Initialize your project with Google Cloud.

gcloud init && git config credential.helper

Create a repo.

gcloud source repos create hello-gcloud

Create a build.js file. It's a very simple build script that outputs 'Hello World'.


// build.js
console.log(`Hello ${process.env.HELLO}`)

Create a package.json file.


  "scripts": {
    "build": "node build.js"

Create a cloudbuild.yml file.


# cloudbuild.yml
- name: node
  entrypoint: npm
  args: ['install']
- name: node
  entrypoint: npm
  args: ['run', 'build']

Commit that to code and push to Google Cloud.

git push google

Once pushed, the Google Cloud Build build will say 'Hello undefined' as it doesn't have a way to access the environment variable yet. Let's do that next.

Install dotenv

Install dotenv.

npm install dotenv --save # Requires dotenv >= 16.1.0

Create a .env file in the root of your project.


# .env

As early as possible in your application, import and configure dotenv.


// build.js
console.log(process.env) // remove this after you've confirmed it is working

console.log(`Hello ${process.env.HELLO}`)

Try running it locally.

node build.js
  HELLO: 'World'
Hello World

Perfect. process.env now has the keys and values you defined in your .env file.

That covers local simulation of the CI. Let's solve for the real CI environment next.

Build .env.vault

Push your latest .env file changes and edit your CI secrets. Learn more about syncing

npx dotenv-vault@latest push
npx dotenv-vault@latest open ci

Use the UI to configure those secrets per environment.

Then build your encrypted .env.vault file.

npx dotenv-vault@latest build

Its contents should look something like this.


#/         cloud-agnostic vaulting standard         /
#/   [how it works](   /

# development

# ci


Fetch your CI DOTENV_KEY.

npx dotenv-vault@latest keys ci
# outputs: dotenv://:[email protected]/vault/.env.vault?environment=ci

Set DOTENV_KEY on Google Cloud Build.

Build CI

Commit those changes safely to code and rerun the build.

That's it! On rerun, your .env.vault file will be decrypted and its CI secrets injected as environment variables – just in time.

You'll know things worked correctly when you see 'Loading env from encrypted .env.vault' in your logs. If a DOTENV_KEY is not set (for example when developing on your local machine) it will fall back to standard dotenv functionality.